Agricultural Development and Nomadic Settlement A Case Study of Shahsavan Tribal Community

First Name: 
Gholam Reza
Last Name: 
Institutional Affiliation : 
Journal of Taavon (cooperatives)
Academic Bio: 
Golam Reza Heydari holds a B.S. and a Master Degree in National Development from Shiraz University, and a Ph.D. in Sociology (Rural and Agricultural Development) from the Azad University, Iran (1996). His professional career encompasses many fields: He was a member of the Scientific Board of the Agricultural Planning and Economic Research Institute (APERI) with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MOA) till 2007, and the Editor in Chief of the Iranian Quarterly Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development (2001-2007). He was a Research Fellow at the Meiji Gakuin University, Japan, (2000-2001), and has acted as invited lecturer on topics like Rural Sociology, Rural Development, Farmers Cooperatives, and Rural Planning at the universities Allameh Tabatabaei, Payam-e Nour, and Azad. Currently, he is the Editor in Chief of The Iranian Quarterly Journal of Taavon (Cooperatives) and researches on rural and agricultural development issues.

Iranian nomadic pastoralists have undergone profound socio-economic and political changes over the last five decades.  These changes are reflected in the dramatic decline of the nomadic population from 2.4 million in 1976 to 1.2 million in 2008, as well as in changes of annual migration patterns, livelihood, and tribal socio-political structure.  The literature provides numerous explanations of these phenomena, including nomad/sedentary relations, state sedentarization and detribalization policies, diminishing natural resources and increasing integration of nomadic pastoralists into the national  market economy.
This paper demonstrates and analyzes the significant role of the regional agricultural development in the transformation of the Shahsavan nomadic pastoralists. The data collected in our field study indicate the impact of the Moghan regional agricultural development on the gradual settlement process and livelihood changes in the Shahsavan tribal community. Among the major indicators of change are increased farming practices, employment in non-agricultural activities, rising educational and health standards, and adoption of new inputs in animal husbandry and farming.

Academic Discipline : 

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