Co-author 1: Reconstruction of Kerman under governance of Zahir-o-Dole: a comprehensive master plan in the traditional society of Iran

First Name: 
Last Name: 
Institutional Affiliation : 
New York University
Academic Bio: 
Mehrnoush Soroush received her MA in Architecture from the University of Tehran, College of Fine Arts (2005). In her thesis and professional experiences, she has focused on the conservation of historic sites and monuments, especially the historic hydraulic sites of Shushtar (listed as the 10th world heritage site of Iran in 2009). In the meantime, she has carried out research and published papers on the history of architecture of Iran, including “Flourishing of Gardens and Water Management through cultural Interactions of Iran and the Subcontinent”, Fourth Biennial Convention of Persianate Societies, Lahore 2009; “The Works of Ganj-Ali-Khan and Ali-Mardan-Khan in Iran and the Subcontinent”, Golestân-e-Honar: Quarterly on the History of Iranian Art and Architecture, Tehran, Academy of Art, No. 13, Autumn 2008; “Ali-Mardan-Khan”, Encylopedia Iranica, 2010. She has received a fellowship to pursue her PhD in the history of water management in the ancient Iran, at the Institute for the Study of the Ancient world (ISAW), New York University (Grad 2009).

The integrity and harmony of historic towns are mostly perceived as the result of gradual growth and accumulative-restorative developments. However, enough evidences indicate that macro-scale urban projects were not unknown in the past, and some magnificent historic towns have been totally or partially formed by large interventions in the urban fabric. The old city of Kerman is such a place. The history of Kerman is the repetition of the same story of raid and destruction and rising from the ruins. One of the worst disasters in the long history of Kerman is no doubt the invasion of the city by Âgâ Mohammad Khân Qajar resulting in total destruction of the city and the massacre of its people. However, after a while, during the reign of Fath Ali Shah, the reconstruction of the city was taken into consideration and Ebrâhim Khân Zahir-o-Dole was appointed the governor of Kerman. What this man did in order to revitalize the demolished city depicts not a series of constructive-restorative projects but a comprehensive master plan which had taken into account very different aspects which make a city run properly. His plan for Kerman involved policy making, demographic renovation, and reconstruction of urban infrastructure.... This paper would give an analysis of the developments of Kerman in this period as a complete example of a comprehensive plan for urban development in the traditional society of Iran, which in the meantime provided the integrity and harmony of the old town.



Academic Discipline : 
History of Architecture of Iran
Time Period : 

Posted in